Some of the details the study sought to find out included the time ships take in the port, which contributes to emissions and the amount of time they spent at berths, in anchorage, and when the ships were manoeuvring, to show when the emissions are high. It also looked into ship speeds, ship types and capacity, as well as fuels used as factors of emissions at the port.
According to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the maritime transport sector contributes around 940 million tonnes of CO2 annually and is responsible for about 2.89% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It further projects that these emissions will increase significantly if mitigation measures are not put in place swiftly. According to the Third IMO GHG study, shipping emissions could, under a business-as-usual scenario, increase between 50% and 250% by 2050, undermining the objectives of the Paris Agreement.
Eng. Dr Hiram Ndiritu, the MTCC Africa Project Director, remains hopeful that with the close working relationship the project has had with various maritime stakeholders in the country, implementation of recommendations from the pilot project should not be an issue. He maintains that sustainable exploitation of maritime resources in the country and region is a goal within reach despite challenges.
“The beauty is that we have industry players in the maritime sector and focal point stakeholders on board to see through the implementations of some of the guidelines and recommendations,” he adds.